English

Hope and Wish: kUse and Differece

Both verbs (hope and wish), are used to denote something we wish to happen in the past, present or future. But there is a difference between them in terms of usage, so what is it?

Use (hope and wish)

The difference between (hope and wish) is in terms of the possibility or impossibility of the thing that the speaker wishes to happen.

  • First, use the verb (hope)

 The verb (hope) is used when the speaker wishes for something that is highly possible (something real).

 for example:

I got new work, I hope I have millions.  Here the possibility of something happening is possible.

  • Second, the use of the verb (wish)

The verb (wish) is used when the speaker wishes for something, the possibility of it being impossible or low (something hypothetical).

 for example:

I wish i had a millions.  Here the probability of something happening is low, since you don’t have millions.

Rules for using the two verbs (hope and wish)

The most important rules that govern the use of both verbs (hope and wish). Both are used according to the time of wishing for something to happen, the time may be past, present or future.

Rules for using the verb (wish)

 The use of the verb (wish) varies according to the time of wishing for the thing to happen:

  • First, you use the past if you are talking about something hypothetical that you wish would happen in the present.

 Example:

I wish I had a million.  Here you wish at the present time to have a million, so we use the past tense of the verb.

  • Second, we use the past perfect if you are talking about something hypothetical that you wish had happened in the past.

 for example:

I wish I had passed the exam last week.  In this case, you did not pass the exam, but you wish so, as the exam took place in the past tense, so we use the past perfect tense.

  • Third, we use “Would” if you’re talking about something we hope will happen in the future.

 for example:

I wish Brazil would win the match.  In this case, Brazil did not win the match, but you wish them to win in the future so use would.

see also:sentences-with-as-well-as-as-well-as-in-10-sentence-in-english.

Rules for using the verb (hope)

The use of the verb (hope) varies according to the time of wishing for something to happen:

  • First, you use the simple present, if you are talking about something realistic that you wish would happen in the present tense.

For example:

I hope I know how to make a cake.  The possibility of making candy is possible, and I wish at the moment that I knew that we use the simple present.

  • Second, we use the simple past, if you wish the real thing happened in the past.

 for example:

I hope it rained last January.

Here the possibility of rain in the month of January is mentioned, and the time of rain is in the past. So we use the simple past tense.

  • Third, use the simple present tense if you wish the real thing would happen in the future.

 for example:

I hope he goes to his mother tomorrow.  Here the possibility of something happening is possible, and the time of its occurrence is the future. We use the simple present.

In short, both verbs (hope and wish), are used to denote wishing for something to happen. But disagreement about its possibility, for more details you can visit this link.

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